Mediterranean Symposium on Landslides


Preliminary bulletin

June, 7-9, 2021

Free virtual

Under the patronage of


Landslides represent a relevant problem for most of the countries overlooking the Mediterranean. This trivial consideration should prompt researchers, professionals, and stakeholders in this region to form closer relationships and engage themselves in a continuous exchange of data and ideas to find common strategies of landslide risk mitigation. 
A common problem concerns the stability of slopes in hard fissured soils, weak rocks and flysch deposits, which are widespread all over the region, posing major problems to the development of these areas. In the last decades, the geo-engineering community has occasionally focused on these complex materials. In 1977 the Italian Geotechnical Society held an International Conference on “The Geotechnics of Structurally Complex Formations” in Capri. Sixteen years later, the Hellenic Society of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering and the French Committee for Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering jointly organized an international symposium in Athens on “The Geotechnical Engineering of Hard Soils and Soft Rocks” (1993). The Italian Geotechnical Society picked up on this initiative five years later, organizing the Second International Symposium on “The Geotechnics of Hard Soils and Soft Rocks” (Naples, 1998). Finally, in 2011, the Greek community organized the 15th European Conference of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering in Athens, which was devoted to “The Geotechnics of Hard Soils and Weak Rocks”. 
It is evident that the behaviour of such a wide and complex class of materials, spreading across large areas in this corner of the world, cannot be interpreted simply through the basic laws of the Soil or Rock Mechanics. This is because they lay in a grey area between the two families of soils and rocks, showing distinct and special features, which are related to the origin of such materials and then to the geological processes which led to their deposition and evolution. On the other hand, it is just from all these complex settings that most of the problems arise, and it is to this that  scholars and professionals should be devote their efforts. 
With the goal in mind of urging the people living on the Mediterranean to join their efforts, we decided to organize a Mediterranean Symposium on Landslides (MSL) in Napoli in June, 2021, hoping that this initiative will be the first of a series of similar periodic events.

Giovanni Battista Crosta and Luciano Picarelli

Session I


This session is aimed at describing preparatory, conditioning and triggering factors and events. The main topic of this session will be the typology of slope failure processes which take place in these geomaterials, focusing in particular on the role of the geological structure and settings, the hydrologic regime, the soil properties and the natural stress field. Wide room is also left to description of the impact of weather, including climate changes, and of seismic activity on landslide triggering.

Session II


The scope of this session is to present data about the most relevant aspects of site and laboratory investigation, field monitoring and slope stability analysis from case studies of the Mediterranean region, accounting for thepeculiar material properties and features of the slope response to triggers. The performance of different monitoring and investigation techniques will be discussed.

Session III



The scope of this session is to give room to some very important and often disregarded issues: i) the design, construction and performance of works aimed at slope stabilization or at mitigating the effects of slope movements; ii) the interaction between active landslides and man-made works, a typical problem in areas, occupied by unstable formations, where are located facilities and infrastructures. This should provide data and information useful to create a connection to risk  and cost-benefit analysis, and to guide stakeholders in risk mitigation decisional processes.


Tentative programme

June, 7, 2021 (first day)

09:15    Opening session


09:30    Special Lecture - C. Doglioni (Università di Roma La Sapienza, Italy)

             Mediterranean geodynamics as a global laboratory of the polarized plate tectonics

10:15    Break


10:45    Invited Lecture - K. Ogata (Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy)

             Mélanges in flysch-type formations: geological constraints for a better understanding of “chaotic” complexes

1.1    Geological setting

11:10    4 presentations
12:10    Discussion


12:50    Invited Lecture - N. M. Pinyol (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain)

             A slow and complex landslide under seismic actions

13:15    Break


1.2    Triggers
14:25    4 presentations
15:25    Discussion


16:05    Break


1.3    Mechanisms
16:35    4 presentations
17:35    Discussion


June, 8, 2021 (second day)

09:00    Special Lecture - E. E. Alonso (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain)

             Landslides and hydraulic structures



09:45    Invited Lecture - M. Berti (Università di Bologna, Italy)

             The complex dynamics of active earthflows

10:10    Break

10:40     Invited Lecture - C. Di Maio (Università della Basilicata, Italy)

              Influence of pore water pressures and chemical composition on the displacement rates of deep and slow clayey


2.1    Investigations
11:05    4 presentations
12:05    Discussion

12:45    Invited Lecture - D. Jongmans (Université Grenoble Alpes, France)

             Gravitational movements in the stiff clays of the Sinard plateau (western Alps): monitoring, kinematics and



13:10    Break

2.2    Monitoring
14:20     4 presentations
15:20     Discussion


16:00     Break


2.3    Analysis
16:30    4 presentations 
17:30    Discussion


June, 9, 2021 (third day)


09:00    Invited Lecture - M.U. Ergun (Middle East Technical University, Turkey)

             Landslide Stabilization by Piles : A Subject  Not Yet  Stabilized

3.1    Landslide-structure/infrastructure interaction and remedial measures

09:25    3 presentations

10:10    Break

10:40    1 presentation

10:55    Discussion

11:35    Invited Lecture - G. Scarpelli (Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy)

             Mitigating the landslide/infrastructure interaction by controlling selective critical parameters

12:00    Special Lecture - C. Margottini (Former Scientific Attaché at the Italian Embassy in Egypt & UNESCO Chair on the                Prevention and Sustainable Management of Geo-Hydrological Hazards)

             Weak rocks in the Mediterranean region: structures and threats of cultural rupestrian heritages

12:30    Best Paper Award

13:10    Break     

3.2    Building in unstable land
14:20    4 presentations
15:20    Discussion

16:00    Closure


























The MSL-2021 Organizing Committee welcomes papers relating to the general Symposium themes. 
The Authors should send their contributions to, specifying the chosen session. The accepted abstracts will be available on the website.



•    Paper submission deadline:                                  extended until 28 February 2021*
•    Notification of acceptance to authors:                21 March 2021

Any paper will be peer reviewed by two independent reviewers.
The papers should be original and should not contain any plagiarism.
The MSL-2021 Organizing Committee reserves the right not to publish any paper that violates such requirements.

The accepted papers will be published in the Scopus indexed Italian Geotechnical Journal.

The special and invited lectures will be submitted to the journal Engineering Geology for publication in a special issue

The papers selected for oral presentation should be presented by the Author or by a co-Author.



A special committee will select the best paper, which will receive a special prize.







Abolmasov B., Marjanović M., Đurić U. and Krušić J.

Diversity of Landslides Mechanism Triggered by Extreme Precipitation in May 2014, Serbia


Arbanas Z., Peranić J., Vivoda Prodan M., Jagodnik V., Jagodnik P. and Arbanas S.M.
Triggering Mechanism in Landslides in Flysch Formations: Examples from Croatia

Berti M., Borgatti L., Guerriero L., Revellino P. and Guadagno F.M.
Landslides of the flow type in the northern and southern Apennines of Italy

Federico F. and Cesali C.
Mechanical behavior of debris flows triggered from slopes in clays formations

Guerriero L., Ruzza G., Calcaterra D., Guadagno F.M.  and Revellino P.
Accelerating creep in deep-seated landslides moving along clay layers

Guillen L., Thiery Y., Dewez T., Levy C., Bourbon P., Caritg S., Martins L., Garnier C., Cuccurullo A. and
Gallipoli D.
Characterization of tectonics, geomechanics and geomorphology as predisposition factors of slope instability by multicriteria analysis

Jovanovski M., Peshevski I., Gorgiev G., Nicodemo G., Reale D., Fornaro G. and Peduto D.

 Landslide characterization in the Polog region by innovative and conventional methods 

Loew S., Maissen J. and Aaron J.
Strain Partitioning in the Triesenberg Earthflow

Loupasakis C.
The Limnes Landslide in Pissouri, Cuprus - A massive failure affecting a residential area founded on
Neogene marls

Marinos V.
Flysch formations and landslides: How different geological models create special settings for variant sliding mechanisms


Picarelli L., Di Maio C., Tommasi P. and Urciuoli G.
Considerations about the pore pressure regime in structurally complex formations

Strom A. and Zerkal O. 
Role of flysch in large-scale rock avalanches formation in the eastern sector of the Alpine-Mediterranean belt

Vivoda Prodan M. and  Arbanas Z.
Weathering impact on landslide triggering mechanism in fine grained  lithological flysch components along the northern Adriatic coast of Croatia

Zerkal O.V., Fomenko I.K., Samarin E.N. and Shubina D.D.
The stability assessment of the “Kabardinka” landslide in carbonate-terrigenous flysch  (western Caucasus, Russia)


Ausilio E. and Zimmaro P.
Site-laboratory investigation strategies to characterize a complex slope instability phenomenon in Southern  Italy

Bardanis M., Cavounidis S. and Dounias G.
Pore-pressure regime and triggering of palaeo-landslides in flysch in the Metsovitikos Valley in Northwestern Greece

Berti M., Di Paola G., Simoni A. and Vignaroli G.
Mobilized strength of a cretaceous flysch from back-analysis of deep-seated landslides

Confuorto P., Bianchini S., Del Soldato M., Festa D., Intrieri E., Raspini F. and Casagli N.
Sentinel-1 based landslide mapping and monitoring experiences in Italy: state-of-the-art and future perspectives

Conte E., Pugliese L. and Troncone A.
Analysis of an excavation-induced landslide in stiff clay using the material point method

De Rosa J., Ghalamzan F., Gajo A. and Di Maio C.
Swelling and swelling pressure of clay soils: experimental data and model simulations

di Lernia A., Cotecchia F., Elia G., Tagarelli V.and Santaloia F. 
Assessing the influence of hydraulic processes on the stability of a clayey slope: the Fontana Monte case study

Di Maio C. and Picarelli L.
About the effects of deterioration on the mechanical response of stiff fine-grained saturated geomaterials

Guillen L., Thiery Y., Dewez T., Levy C., Bourbon P., Caritg S., Martins L., Garnier C., Cuccurullo A. and Gallipoli D.

Conceptual modelling of hydro-thermal triggering factors of rock instabilities


Hamrouni F., Trabelsi H. and Jamei M.

Simulation of cracks growth in a slope using a cohesive hydro-mechanical approach


Jaboyedoff M., Bonnard C., Derron M.H., Franz M., Gracchi T., Jongmans D., Larose E. and Michoud C. 

A return of experience on monitoring landslide in flysch and shales in the swiss western Alps


Jagodnik V., Jagodnik P. and Arbanas Z.
Application of a simple empirical model for shear strength degradation of clays from the Vinodol Valley, Croatia

Janevski B. and Josifovski J. 
Methodology for risk evaluation at cut slopes in intensively weathered schists


Karantanellis E., Marinos V., Papathanassiou G. and Azas A.
3D Landslide Assessment and Monitoring in a Heterogeneous Geological Environment using Close-Range Aerial Photogrammetry


Khalil S. and Chehade F.H.
Dahr El Baidar slope stability - Experimental characterization and analysis


Lehn J. and Biczók E.
Numerical simulation of slope stabilization by using high tensile steel wire meshes

Losacco N., Cotecchia F., Santaloia F. and Vitone C.
Analysis of the 3D seepage regime in a complex landslide basin in southern Italy


Miano A., Mele A., Di Martire D., Infante D., Prota A. and Ramondini M.
Remote sensing technique data to support the structural monitoring of RC buildings affected by ground instability phenomena

Napoli M.L., Milan L., Barbero M. and Scavia C.
Challenges in the characterization of block-in-matrix geomaterials

Olivares L., Damiano E., Guida D. and Vallante M.
Large active landslides involving tectonised clay shale formation: the case of Torre Orsaia landslide

Pazzi V., Morelli S. and Fanti R.
Geophysical methods applied in the study of stiff clays and flysch formations: a review

Peranić J. and Arbanas Ž.

Deep-seated landslide in flysch slope reactivated by prolonged rainfall – some outlines


Picarelli L., Comegna L. and Urciuoli G.
Groundwater flow and operative strength in shallow earthflows in tectonized clay shales


Ranaldo M., Di Martire D., Ciarcia S. and Calcaterra D.
Landslide susceptibility assessment in the southern sector of the Tammaro River basin (Italy)

Tommasi P., Mastruzzi M. and Rotonda T.

Shear behaviour of tectonized clay shales: a discontinuum approach

Rosi A., Segoni S., Gallucci A., Monni A. and Casagli N.
The role of antecedent rainfall in the triggering of landslides and its use in landslide EWS


Valkaniotis S., Karantanellis E., Vassou A., Marinos V. and Papathanassiou G.
Spatial and temporal evolution of a recurrent landslide - Ropoto, Greece


Vassallo R., De Rosa J., Di Maio C., Reale D. and Fornaro G. 
In situ and satellite long-term monitoring of two slow clayey landslides and of the structures built on them


Comegna L. and Picarelli L.
The interaction between slow slope movements and tunnels

Coscetta A., Damiano E., De Cristofaro M., Di Gennaro L., Esposito L., Giarrusso G.A., Iavazzo L., Minardo A., Minutolo V., Mirabile M., Olivares L. and Zona R. 
An integrated EWS for deep-seated landslides based on a new smart hybrid transducer


Cotecchia F., Tagarelli V. and Varesano A.
A novel coupled hydro-mechanical modelling to design medium depth drainage trench systems for mitigating deep landsliding


De Rosa J., Di Maio C. and Scaringi G.
Chemo-mechanical analysis of an earthflow in southern Italy and study of remedial measures


Fareniyk G., Trofymchuk O., Ischenko Y., Melashenko Y. and Kaliukh I.
The retaining wall collapse prevention during the multifunctional complex construction on the slope of  Staronavodnytska ravine in Kyiv


Jovičić V., Galuf S. and Muhić E.
Construction of Tunnel Portal Structures within the Active Landslide Bodies

Nicodemo G., Ferlisi S., Peduto D., Borrelli L. and Gullà G.

Investigating the factors governing the onset and the development of damage to buildings interacting with active slow-moving landslides


Ruggeri P., Fruzzetti V. and Scarpelli G.
Design of retaining structures in Stiff Jointed Clay Formations: a practical example

Salciarini D., Cattoni E., Cecinato F. and Lupattelli A.

Hazard analysis of the interaction between active landslides and a man-made reservoir

Salciarini D., Morbidelli R., Cattoni E. and Volpe E.

Small scale modeling of the effect of local slope modification


Sepe C., De Stefano R., Di Martire D., Infante D. and Ramondini M.
Integrated analysis system for the design of risk mitigation works


Shulin R., Zhigang T., Manchao H., Shihui P., Haotian X. and Senlin L.
Stability analysis and support measures of large open-pit gold mine slopes in Urad Middle Banner, Inner Mongolia, China


Slyusarenko Y., Lebid O., Ischenko Y., Melashenko Y and  Kaliukh I.
Reconstruction in the conditions of the restraint urban development and slope deformations
Tagarelli V., Cotecchia F., Santaloia F. and Bottiglieri O.
Preliminary field data of selected deep-rooted vegetation effects on the slope-vegetation-atmosphere interaction: results from an in-situ test














*Message from the Organizing Committee (25 January 2021).

Due to pandemic COVID-19, the MSL-2021 will be free and held fully virtual

In order to participate, please download the PRE-REGISTRATION FORM and send it completed to




Promoting Committee

G. B. Crosta, Università di Milano Bicocca, Italy

L. Picarelli, Chair, Joint Technical Committee no. 1, Federation of International Geo-Engineering Societies                        (FedIGS)


Advisory Committee

B. Abolmasov, University of Belgrade, Serbia
E. Alonso, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain
Z. Arbanas, University of Rijeka, Croatia
D. Calcaterra, Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy
N. Casagli, Università di Firenze, Italy
L. Cascini, Università di Salerno, Italy
F. Cotecchia, Politecnico di Bari, Italy
F. Guzzetti, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche IRPI, Italy
N. Huvaj, Middle East Technical University, Turkey
M. Jamei, École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tunis, Tunisia
E. Leroi, Risques et Developpement, France
G. Lollino, Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica, Italy
C. Margottini, Former Scientific Attaché at the Italian Embassy in Egypt & UNESCO Chair on the 

                          Prevention  and Sustainable Management of Geo-Hydrological Hazards
V. Marinos, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

Organising and Scientific Committee

G. Urciuoli (Chair), Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy

G. B. Crosta, Università di Milano Bicocca, Italy

L. Picarelli, Chair, Joint Technical Committee no. 1, Federation of International Geo-Engineering Societies                        (FedIGS)

Technical Committee

L. Comegna (Chair), Università della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy

E. Damiano, Università della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy

G. Dattola, Università di Milano Bicocca, Italy

R. Papa, Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy

M. Pirone, Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy




Mediterranean Symposium on Landslides 2021


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