Logo MSL2021.jpg

Mediterranean Symposium on Landslides


Bulletin no.2

June, 7-9, 2021

Free virtual

Under the patronage of


Landslides represent a relevant problem for most of the countries overlooking the Mediterranean. This trivial consideration should prompt researchers, professionals, and stakeholders in this region to form closer relationships and engage themselves in a continuous exchange of data and ideas to find common strategies of landslide risk mitigation. 
A common problem concerns the stability of slopes in hard fissured soils, weak rocks and flysch deposits, which are widespread all over the region, posing major problems to the development of these areas. In the last decades, the geo-engineering community has occasionally focused on these complex materials. In 1977 the Italian Geotechnical Society held an International Conference on “The Geotechnics of Structurally Complex Formations” in Capri. Sixteen years later, the Hellenic Society of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering and the French Committee for Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering jointly organized an international symposium in Athens on “The Geotechnical Engineering of Hard Soils and Soft Rocks” (1993). The Italian Geotechnical Society picked up on this initiative five years later, organizing the Second International Symposium on “The Geotechnics of Hard Soils and Soft Rocks” (Naples, 1998). Finally, in 2011, the Greek community organized the 15th European Conference of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering in Athens, which was devoted to “The Geotechnics of Hard Soils and Weak Rocks”. 
It is evident that the behaviour of such a wide and complex class of materials, spreading across large areas in this corner of the world, cannot be interpreted simply through the basic laws of the Soil or Rock Mechanics. This is because they lay in a grey area between the two families of soils and rocks, showing distinct and special features, which are related to the origin of such materials and then to the geological processes which led to their deposition and evolution. On the other hand, it is just from all these complex settings that most of the problems arise, and it is to this that  scholars and professionals should be devote their efforts. 
With the goal in mind of urging the people living on the Mediterranean to join their efforts, we decided to organize a Mediterranean Symposium on Landslides (MSL) in Napoli in June, 2021, hoping that this initiative will be the first of a series of similar periodic events.

Giovanni Battista Crosta and Luciano Picarelli

Session I


This session is aimed at describing preparatory, conditioning and triggering factors and events. The main topic of this session will be the typology of slope failure processes which take place in these geomaterials, focusing in particular on the role of the geological structure and settings, the hydrologic regime, the soil properties and the natural stress field. Wide room is also left to description of the impact of weather, including climate changes, and of seismic activity on landslide triggering.


Session II



The scope of this session is to present data about the most relevant aspects of site and laboratory investigation, field monitoring and slope stability analysis from case studies of the Mediterranean region, accounting for thepeculiar material properties and features of the slope response to triggers. The performance of different monitoring and investigation techniques will be discussed.

Session III



The scope of this session is to give room to some very important and often disregarded issues: i) the design, construction and performance of works aimed at slope stabilization or at mitigating the effects of slope movements; ii) the interaction between active landslides and man-made works, a typical problem in areas, occupied by unstable formations, where are located facilities and infrastructures. This should provide data and information useful to create a connection to risk  and cost-benefit analysis, and to guide stakeholders in risk mitigation decisional processes.



Scientific programme

June, 7, 2021 


09:00    Opening session - Crosta G., Giordan D., Moraci N., Picarelli L., Urciuoli G.



Chairman: Lollino G.

09:35    Special Lecture - Doglioni C. (Università di Roma La Sapienza, Italy)

             Mediterranean geodynamics as a global laboratory of the polarized plate tectonics

10:20    Break


10:30    Invited Lecture - Ogata K. (Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy)

             Mélanges in flysch-type formations: geological constraints for a better understanding of “chaotic” complexes

1.1    Geological setting 


Chairman: Lollino G.

11:05    4 presentations: Santo A. et al., Strom A. and Zerkal O., Jovanovski M. et al., Ranaldo M. et al.
12:05    Discussion - Convener: Calcaterra D.


12:40    Invited Lecture - Pinyol N.M. (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain)

             A slow and complex landslide under seismic actions

13:10    Break


1.2    Triggers


Chairman: Cascini L.

14:30    4 presentations: di Lernia A. et al., Picarelli L. et al., Vivoda Prodan M. and Arbanas Z., Picarelli L. et al.

15:30    Discussion - Convener: Marinos V.

16:00    Break


1.3    Mechanisms 


Chairman: Cascini L.

16:10    4 presentations: Loupasakis C., Zerkal O.V. et al., Ausilio E. and Zimmaro P., Picarelli L. et al.
17:10    Discussion - Convener: Abolmasov B.

17:40    Closure



June, 8, 2021 

Chairman: Guzzetti F.

09:00    Special Lecture - Alonso E.E. (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain)

             Landslides and hydraulic structures



Chairman: Guzzetti F.


09:50    Invited Lecture - Berti M. (Università di Bologna, Italy)

             The complex dynamics of active earthflows

10:20    Break

10:30     Invited Lecture - Di Maio C. (Università della Basilicata, Italy)

              Pore water pressures and hydraulic conductivity in the slip zone of a clayey earthflow: experimentation

              and modelling

2.1    Investigations


Chairman: Guzzetti F.

11:05    5 presentations: Napoli M.L. et al., Ghalamzan F. et al., Pazzi V. et al., Khalil S., Salciarini D. et al.

12:25    Invited Lecture - Jongmans D. (Université Grenoble Alpes, France)

             Gravitational movements in the stiff clays of the Sinard plateau (western Alps): monitoring, kinematics and



12:55    Discussion - Convener: Arbanas Z.

13:25    Break

2.2    Monitoring 


Chairman: Jamei M.

14:30     4 presentations: Confuorto P. et al., Vassallo R. et al., Guerriero L. et al., Catalano E. et al.
15:30     Discussion - Convener: Casagli N.

16:00     Break


2.3    Analysis


Chairman: Jamei M.

16:10    5 presentations: Hamrouni F. et al., Peranić J. and Arbanas Ž., Salciarini D. et al., Federico F. and Cesali C., 

             Troncone A. et al.
17:25    Discussion - Convener: Huvaj N.

17:55    Closure



June, 9, 2021 



Chairman: Leroi E.

09:00    Invited Lecture - Ergun M.U.  (Middle East Technical University, Turkey)

             Landslide Stabilization by Piles : A Subject  Not Yet  Stabilized

3.1    Landslide-structure/infrastructure interaction and remedial measures


Chairman: Leroi E.

09:35    6 presentations: Slyusarenko Y. et al., Fareniyk G. et al., Jovičić V. et al., Comegna L. and Picarelli L., Tagarelli V. et                  al., Tagarelli V. et al.

11:05    Break

11:15    Discussion - Convener: Cotecchia F.

11:50    Invited Lecture - Scarpelli G. (Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy)

             Mitigating the landslide/infrastructure interaction by controlling selective critical parameters

12:25    Best Paper Award

12:35    Break

Chairman: Scavia C.

14:15    Special Lecture - Margottini C. (Former Scientific Attaché at the Italian Embassy in Egypt & UNESCO Chair on the                Prevention and Sustainable Management of Geo-Hydrological Hazards)

             Weak rocks in the Mediterranean region: structures and threats of cultural rupestrian heritages


3.2    Building in unstable land


Chairman: Scavia C.

15:05    3 presentations: Janevski B. and Josifovski J., Miano A. et al., Sepe C. et al.
15:50    Discussion - Convener: Cotecchia F.

16:25    Conclusions and Closure - Crosta G., Picarelli L.


























The MSL-2021 Organizing Committee welcomes papers relating to the general Symposium themes. 
The Authors should send their contributions to medsymplandslides@gmail.com, specifying the chosen session. The accepted abstracts will be available on the website.



•    Paper submission deadline:                                  extended until 28 February 2021*
•    Notification of acceptance to authors:                21 March 2021

Any paper will be peer reviewed by two independent reviewers.
The papers should be original and should not contain any plagiarism.
The MSL-2021 Organizing Committee reserves the right not to publish any paper that violates such requirements.

The accepted papers will be published in the Scopus indexed Italian Geotechnical Journal.

The special and invited lectures will be submitted to the journal Engineering Geology for publication in a special issue

The papers selected for oral presentation should be presented by the Author or by a co-Author.



A special committee will select the best paper, which will receive a special prize.








Ausilio E. and Zimmaro P.

Site-laboratory investigation strategies to characterize a complex slope instability phenomenon in Southern  Italy


di Lernia A., Cotecchia F., Elia G., Tagarelli V. and Santaloia F. 

Assessing the influence of hydraulic processes on the stability of a clayey slope: the Fontana Monte case study


Jovanovski M., Peshevski I., Gorgiev G., Nicodemo G., Reale D., Fornaro G. and Peduto D.

 Landslide characterization in the Polog region (R.N. Macedonia) by innovative and conventional methods 

Loupasakis C.
The Limnes Landslide in Pissouri, Cuprus - A massive failure affecting a residential area founded on
Neogene marls

Picarelli L., Comegna L. and Urciuoli G.

The friction angle mobilized by shallow earthflows in tectonized clay shales


Picarelli L., Di Maio C. and De Rosa J.

Processes and mechanisms governing the transition of slides in tectonized clay shales into rapid earthflows


Picarelli L., Di Maio C., Tommasi P., Urciuoli G. and Comegna L.

Can we correctly model the pore pressure regime in mudstones and in flysch deposits?

Ranaldo M., Di Martire D., Ciarcia S. and Calcaterra D.

Landslide susceptibility assessment in the southern sector of the Tammaro River basin (Italy)


Strom A. and Zerkal O. 
Role of flysch in large-scale rock avalanches formation in the eastern sector of the Alpine-Mediterranean belt

Vivoda Prodan M. and  Arbanas Z.
Weathering impact on landslide triggering mechanism in fine grained  lithological flysch components along the northern Adriatic coast of Croatia

Zerkal O.V., Fomenko I.K., Samarin E.N. and Shubina D.D.
The stability assessment of the “Kabardinka” landslide in carbonate-terrigenous flysch  (western Caucasus, Russia)


Catalano E., Coscetta A., Damiano E., De Cristofaro M., Di Gennaro L., Giarrusso G.A., Iavazzo L., Minutolo V., Mirabile M. and Olivares L. 

An integrated EWS for deep-seated landslides based on a new smart hybrid transducer


Confuorto P., Bianchini S., Del Soldato M., Festa D., Intrieri E., Raspini F. and Casagli N.
Sentinel-1 based landslide mapping and monitoring experiences in Italy: state-of-the-art and future perspectives

Federico F. and Cesali C.

Mechanical behavior of debris flows triggered from slopes in clays formations


Ghalamzan F., De Rosa J., Gajo A. and Di Maio C.

Swelling and swelling pressure in a clayey landslide: experimental data and model simulations


Guerriero L., Ruzza G., Calcaterra D., Guadagno F.M.  and Revellino P.

Accelerating creep in deep-seated landslides moving along clay layers


Hamrouni F., Trabelsi H. and Jamei M.

A cohesive hydromechanical modeling of crack’s growth in a slope 

Khalil S.
Dahr El Baidar slope stability - Experimental characterization and analysis


Napoli M.L., Milan L., Barbero M. and Scavia C.
Challenges in the characterization of block-in-matrix geomaterials


Pazzi V., Morelli S. and Fanti R.
Geophysical methods applied in the study of stiff clays and flysch formations: a review

Peranić J. and Arbanas Ž.

The influence of temporal resolution of rainfall data on the results of the physically based numerical model of landslide reactivation


Salciarini D., Lupattelli A., Cecinato F., Cattoni E. and Volpe E.

Static and seismic numerical analysis of an active landslide located in a vulnerable area


Salciarini D., Morbidelli R., Cattoni E. and Volpe E.

Physical and numerical modelling of the response of slopes under different rainfalls, inclinations and vegetation conditions


Troncone A., Pugliese L. and Conte E.

Analysis of an excavation-induced landslide in stiff clay using the material point method


Vassallo R., De Rosa J., Di Maio C., Reale D., Verde S. and Fornaro G. 
In situ and satellite long-term monitoring of slow clayey landslides and of the structures built on them


Comegna L. and Picarelli L.

Experience about landslide-tunnel interaction in tectonized clay shales 

Fareniyk G., Trofymchuk O., Ischenko Y., Melashenko Y. and Kaliukh I.
The retaining wall collapse prevention during the multifunctional complex construction on the slope of  Staronavodnytska ravine in Kyiv


Janevski B. and Josifovski J. 

Novel charts for risk assessment of cut slope stability in highly weathered and fractured schists


Jovičić V., Galuf S. and Muhić E.
Construction of Tunnel Portal Structures within the Active Landslide Bodies


Miano A., Mele A., Di Martire D., Infante D., Prota A. and Ramondini M.

Remote sensing technique data to support the structural monitoring of RC buildings affected by ground instability phenomena


Sepe C., De Stefano R., Di Martire D., Infante D. and Ramondini M.
Integrated analysis system for the design of risk mitigation works


Slyusarenko Y., Lebid O., Ischenko Y., Melashenko Y and  Kaliukh I.
Reconstruction in the conditions of the restraint urban development and slope deformations
Tagarelli V., Cotecchia F. and Bottiglieri O.
Preliminary field data of selected deep-rooted vegetation effects on the slope-vegetation-atmosphere interaction: results from an in-situ test


Tagarelli V., Cotecchia F. and Varesano A.

A novel coupled hydro-mechanical modelling to design medium depth drainage trench systems to mitigate deep landsliding












*Message from the Organizing Committee (25 January 2021).

Due to pandemic COVID-19, the MSL-2021 will be free and held fully virtual

In order to participate, please download the PRE-REGISTRATION FORM and send it completed to medsymplandslides@gmail.com.




Promoting Committee

G. B. Crosta, Università di Milano Bicocca, Italy

L. Picarelli, Chair, Joint Technical Committee no. 1, Federation of International Geo-Engineering Societies                        (FedIGS)


Advisory Committee

B. Abolmasov, University of Belgrade, Serbia
E. Alonso, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain
Z. Arbanas, University of Rijeka, Croatia
D. Calcaterra, Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy
N. Casagli, Università di Firenze, Italy
L. Cascini, Università di Salerno, Italy
F. Cotecchia, Politecnico di Bari, Italy
F. Guzzetti, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche IRPI, Italy
N. Huvaj, Middle East Technical University, Turkey
M. Jamei, École Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Tunis, Tunisia
E. Leroi, Risques et Developpement, France
G. Lollino, Istituto di Ricerca per la Protezione Idrogeologica, Italy
C. Margottini, Former Scientific Attaché at the Italian Embassy in Egypt & UNESCO Chair on the 

                          Prevention  and Sustainable Management of Geo-Hydrological Hazards
V. Marinos, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

Organising and Scientific Committee

G. Urciuoli (Chair), Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy

G. B. Crosta, Università di Milano Bicocca, Italy

L. Picarelli, Chair, Joint Technical Committee no. 1, Federation of International Geo-Engineering Societies                        (FedIGS)

Technical Committee

L. Comegna (Chair), Università della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy

E. Damiano, Università della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Italy

G. Dattola, Università di Milano Bicocca, Italy

R. Papa, Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy

M. Pirone, Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy